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Heterodimeric nitrate reductase (NapAB) from Cupriavidus necator H16: purification, crystallization and preliminary X-ray analysis, Coelho, C., Gonzalez P. J., Trincao J., Carvalho A. L., Najmudin S., Hettman T., Dieckman S., Moura J. J., Moura I., and Romao M. J. , Acta Crystallogr Sect F Struct Biol Cryst Commun, Jun 1, Volume 63, Number Pt 6, p.516-9, (2007) AbstractWebsite

The periplasmic nitrate reductase from Cupriavidus necator (also known as Ralstonia eutropha) is a heterodimer that is able to reduce nitrate to nitrite. It comprises a 91 kDa catalytic subunit (NapA) and a 17 kDa subunit (NapB) that is involved in electron transfer. The larger subunit contains a molybdenum active site with a bis-molybdopterin guanine dinucleotide cofactor as well as one [4Fe-4S] cluster, while the small subunit is a di-haem c-type cytochrome. Crystals of the oxidized form of this enzyme were obtained using polyethylene glycol 3350 as precipitant. A single crystal grown at the High Throughput Crystallization Laboratory of the EMBL in Grenoble diffracted to beyond 1.5 A at the ESRF (ID14-1), which is the highest resolution reported to date for a nitrate reductase. The unit-cell parameters are a = 142.2, b = 82.4, c = 96.8 A, beta = 100.7 degrees, space group C2, and one heterodimer is present per asymmetric unit.

Heteronuclear NMR and soft docking: an experimental approach for a structural model of the cytochrome c553-ferredoxin complex, Morelli, X., Dolla A., Czjzek M., Palma P. N., Blasco F., Krippahl L., Moura J. J., and Guerlesquin F. , Biochemistry, Mar 14, Volume 39, Number 10, p.2530-7, (2000) AbstractWebsite

The combination of docking algorithms with NMR data has been developed extensively for the studies of protein-ligand interactions. However, to extend this development for the studies of protein-protein interactions, the intermolecular NOE constraints, which are needed, are more difficult to access. In the present work, we describe a new approach that combines an ab initio docking calculation and the mapping of an interaction site using chemical shift variation analysis. The cytochrome c553-ferredoxin complex is used as a model of numerous electron-transfer complexes. The 15N-labeling of both molecules has been obtained, and the mapping of the interacting site on each partner, respectively, has been done using HSQC experiments. 1H and 15N chemical shift analysis defines the area of both molecules involved in the recognition interface. Models of the complex were generated by an ab initio docking software, the BiGGER program (bimolecular complex generation with global evaluation and ranking). This program generates a population of protein-protein docked geometries ranked by a scoring function, combining relevant stabilization parameters such as geometric complementarity surfaces, electrostatic interactions, desolvation energy, and pairwise affinities of amino acid side chains. We have implemented a new module that includes experimental input (here, NMR mapping of the interacting site) as a filter to select the accurate models. Final structures were energy minimized using the X-PLOR software and then analyzed. The best solution has an interface area (1037.4 A2) falling close to the range of generally observed recognition interfaces, with a distance of 10.0 A between the redox centers.

Hexaheme nitrite reductase from Desulfovibrio desulfuricans. Mossbauer and EPR characterization of the heme groups, Costa, C., Moura J. J., Moura I., Liu M. Y., Peck, H. D. Jr., Legall J., Wang Y. N., and Huynh B. H. , J Biol Chem, Aug 25, Volume 265, Number 24, p.14382-8, (1990) AbstractWebsite

Mossbauer and EPR spectroscopy were used to characterize the heme prosthetic groups of the nitrite reductase isolated from Desulfovibrio desulfuricans (ATCC 27774), which is a membrane-bound multiheme cytochrome capable of catalyzing the 6-electron reduction of nitrite to ammonia. At pH 7.6, the as-isolated enzyme exhibited a complex EPR spectrum consisting of a low-spin ferric heme signal at g = 2.96, 2.28, and 1.50 plus several broad resonances indicative of spin-spin interactions among the heme groups. EPR redox titration studies revealed yet another low-spin ferric heme signal at g = 3.2 and 2.14 (the third g value was undetected) and the presence of a high-spin ferric heme. Mossbauer measurements demonstrated further that this enzyme contained six distinct heme groups: one high-spin (S = 5/2) and five low-spin (S = 1/2) ferric hemes. Characteristic hyperfine parameters for all six hemes were obtained through a detailed analysis of the Mossbauer spectra. D. desulfuricans nitrite reductase can be reduced by chemical reductants, such as dithionite or reduced methyl viologen, or by hydrogenase under hydrogen atmosphere. Addition of nitrite to the fully reduced enzyme reoxidized all five low-spin hemes to their ferric states. The high-spin heme, however, was found to complex NO, suggesting that the high-spin heme could be the substrate binding site and that NO could be an intermediate present in an enzyme-bound form.

Highly sensitive nitrite biosensor based on the electrical wiring of nitrite reductase by ZnCr-AQS LDH, Chen, H., Mousty C., Cosnier S., Silveira C., Moura J. J. G., and Almeida M. G. , Electrochemistry Communications, Sep, Volume 9, Number 9, p.2240-2245, (2007) AbstractWebsite

A biosensor for amperometric determination of nitrite was developed using cytochrome c nitrite reductase (ccNiR) from Desulfovibrio desulfuricans immobilized and electrically connected on a glassy carbon electrode by entrapment into redox active [ZnCr-AQS] layered double hydroxide containing anthraquinone-2-sulfonate (AQS). The transduction step corresponded to the electro-enzymatic reduction of nitrite by immobilized AQS molecules at -0.6 V. The biosensor showed a fast response to nitrite (5 s) with a linear range between 0.015 and 2.35 mu M, a sensitivity of 1.8 A M-1 cm(-2) and a detection limit of 4 nM. The apparent Michaelis-Menten constant (K-M(app)) M was 7.5 mu M. (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

How Biology handles nitrite, Maia, L., and Moura J. J. G. , Chem Rev, Volume 114, p.5273-5357, (2014)
Human erythrocytes exposure to juglone leads to an increase of superoxide anion production associated with cytochrome b5 reductase uncoupling, Valério, G. N., Gutierrez-Merino C., Nogueira F., Moura I., Moura J. J. G., and Samhan-Arias A. K. , Biochim Biophys Acta Bioenerg, Volume EPub, (2020)
Hydrogen evolution and consumption in AOT-isooctane reverse micelles by Desulfovibrio gigas hydrogenase, Andrade, S. L. A., and Moura J. J. G. , Enzyme and Microbial Technology, Sep 2, Volume 31, Number 4, p.398-402, (2002) AbstractWebsite

The enzyme hydrogenase isolated from the sulphate reducing anaerobic bacterium Desulfovibrio gigas was encapsulated in reverse micelles of AOT-water-isooctane. The enzyme ability to consume molecular hydrogen was studied as a function of the micelle size (given by W-o = [H2O]/[organic solvent]). A peak of catalytic activity was obtained for W-o = 18, a micelle size theoretically fitting the heterodimeric hydrogenase molecule. At this W-o value, the recorded catalytic activity was slightly higher than in a buffer system (K-cat = 169.43 s(-1) against the buffer value of 151 s(-1)). The optimal buffer used to encapsulate the enzyme was found to be imidazole 50 mM, pH 9.0, The molecular hydrogen production activity was also tested in this reverse micelle medium. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Inc. All lights reserved.

Hydrogen metabolism in Desulfovibrio desulfuricans strain New Jersey (NCIMB 8313)--comparative study with D. vulgaris and D. gigas species, Carepo, M., Baptista J. F., Pamplona A., Fauque G., Moura J. J., and Reis M. A. , Anaerobe, Dec, Volume 8, Number 6, p.325-32, (2002) AbstractWebsite

This article aims to study hydrogen production/consumption in Desulfovibrio (D.) desulfuricans strain New Jersey, a sulfate reducer isolated from a medium undergoing active biocorrosion and to compare its hydrogen metabolism with two other Desulfovibrio species, D. gigas and D. vulgaris Hildenborough. Hydrogen production was followed during the growth of these three bacterial species under different growth conditions: no limitation of sulfate and lactate, sulfate limitation, lactate limitation, pyruvate/sulfate medium and in the presence of molybdate. Hydrogen production/consumption by D. desulfuricans shows a behavior similar to that of D. gigas but a different one from that of D. vulgaris, which produces higher quantities of hydrogen on lactate/sulfate medium. The three species are able to increase the hydrogen production when the sulfate became limiting. Moreover, in a pyruvate/sulfate medium hydrogen production was lower than on lactate/sulfate medium. Hydrogen production by D. desulfuricans in presence of molybdate is extremely high. Hydrogenases are key enzymes on production/consumption of hydrogen in sulfate reducing organisms. The specific activity, number and cellular localization of hydrogenases vary within the three Desulfovibrio species used in this work, which could explain the differences observed on hydrogen utilization.

Hydrogen production and deuterium-proton exchange reactions catalyzed by Desulfovibrio nickel(II)-substituted rubredoxins, Saint-Martin, P., Lespinat P. A., Fauque G., Berlier Y., Legall J., Moura I., Teixeira M., Xavier A. V., and Moura J. J. , Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, Dec, Volume 85, Number 24, p.9378-80, (1988) AbstractWebsite

The nickel tetrahedral sulfur-coordinated core formed upon metal replacement of the native iron in Desulfovibrio sp. rubredoxins is shown to mimic the reactivity pattern of nickel-containing hydrogenases with respect to hydrogen production, deuterium-proton exchange, and inhibition by carbon monoxide.

A hypothetical model of the flavodoxin-tetraheme cytochrome c3 complex of sulfate-reducing bacteria, Stewart, D. E., Legall J., Moura I., Moura J. J., Peck, H. D. Jr., Xavier A. V., Weiner P. K., and Wampler J. E. , Biochemistry, Apr 5, Volume 27, Number 7, p.2444-50, (1988) AbstractWebsite

A hypothetical model of the flavodoxin-tetraheme cytochrome c3 electron-transfer complex from the sulfate-reducing bacterium Desulfovibrio vulgaris has been constructed by using interactive computer graphics based on electrostatic potential field calculations and previous NMR experiments. Features of the proposed complex are (1) van der Waals contact between the flavin mononucleotide prosthetic group of flavodoxin and one heme of the cytochrome, (2) unique complementarity of electrostatic fields between the region surrounding this heme and the region surrounding the exposed portion of the flavin mononucleotide group of flavodoxin, and (3) no steric interferences between the two polypeptide chains in the complex. This complex is consistent with all structural and spectroscopic data available.