All-cellulosic based composites

Borges, João Paulo, Maria Helena Godinho, Joao Luis Figueirinhas, MN de Pinho, and Mohamed Naceur Belgacem. "All-cellulosic based composites." In Cellulose Fibers: Bio-and Nano-Polymer Composites, edited by Susheel Kalia, B. S. Kaith and Inderjeet Kaur, 399-421. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2011.


The use of cellulosic fibers as load bearing constituents in composite materials has increased over the last decade due to their relative cheapness compared to conventional materials such as glass and aramid fibers, their ability to recycle, and because they compete well in terms of strength per weight of material. All-cellulosic based composites prepared from cellulose derivatives based matrices and microcrystalline cellulosic fibers made by direct coupling between fibers and matrix present interesting mechanical and gas permeation properties, thus being potential candidates for packaging materials. Both the cellulosic matrix and the reinforcing fibers are biocompatible and widely used in the pharmaceutical industry, which is very important for the envisaged application. In addition to their biocompatibility, cellulosic systems have the ability to form both thermotropic and lyotropic chiral nematic phases, and the composites produced from the latter show improved mechanical properties due to fiber orientation induced by the anisotropic matrix. The preparation and characterization (morphological, topographical, mechanical, gas barrier properties) of all-cellulosic based composites are described in this chapter.

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