Actin as a potential target for decavanadate

Actin as a potential target for decavanadate, Ramos, S., Moura J. J., and Aureliano M. , J Inorg Biochem, Dec, Volume 104, Number 12, p.1234-9, (2011)


ATP prevents G-actin cysteine oxidation and vanadyl formation specifically induced by decavanadate, suggesting that the oxometalate-protein interaction is affected by the nucleotide. The ATP exchange rate is increased by 2-fold due to the presence of decavanadate when compared with control actin (3.1x10(-3) s(-1)), and an apparent dissociation constant (k(dapp)) of 227.4+/-25.7 muM and 112.3+/-8.7 muM was obtained in absence or presence of 20 muM V(10), respectively. Moreover, concentrations as low as 50 muM of decameric vanadate species (V(10)) increases the relative G-actin intrinsic fluorescence intensity by approximately 80% whereas for a 10-fold concentration of monomeric vanadate (V(1)) no effects were observed. Upon decavanadate titration, it was observed a linear increase in G-actin hydrophobic surface (2.6-fold), while no changes were detected for V(1) (0-200 muM). Taken together, three major ideas arise: i) ATP prevents decavanadate-induced G-actin cysteine oxidation and vanadate reduction; ii) decavanadate promotes actin conformational changes resulting on its inactivation, iii) decavanadate has an effect on actin ATP binding site. Once it is demonstrated that actin is a new potential target for decavanadate, being the ATP binding site a suitable site for decavanadate binding, it is proposed that some of the biological effects of vanadate can be, at least in part, explained by decavanadate interactions with actin.


1873-3344 (Electronic)0162-0134 (Linking)Journal ArticleResearch Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

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